You may have, while checking out lenses, come across an unfamiliar name, “cine lens.” Well, what makes them unfamiliar is that they aren’t deployed for regular kinds of photography, and secondly, they possess characteristics that seem pretty unusual or almost incompatible with everyday use.
Certain questions may then arise, what makes them different from regular lenses, and why are they as expensive as they are? Well, being cinema lenses, as they are called in full, they are designed for shooting high-end cinema-rated videos and movies. To answer the question, are cine lenses good for photography to bring to the notice of the Inquirer. Standard lenses are precisely built for photography; cine lenses are built from the tad pieces to the finish, with features of a movie set in mind.
You’ll find many characteristic features and differences between these two types of lenses, ranging from size and building materials to the cost of acquisition. So let’s delve into what you’ve always wanted to know about cine lenses.
What Are Cine Lenses?
Cine lenses or cinema lenses, as the name suggests, are designed specifically for shooting high-end movies.
Manufacturers design photography lenses to be used very easily and flexibly, and by just one individual who operates the camera and is responsible for adjusting the functions of the lens to meet his demands.
On a good number of professional movie sets, you’ll find a small group of about two or more people working together, handling the camera at the same time.
Depending on what is being shot, one person may be responsible for handling the focus, while another person may be handling the framing. In contrast, possibly, another person may manage the adjustment of the exposure.
These procedures can even get more complicated if special effects, Steadicam, and gimbals for drones are involved. This is the part where the cinema specialty lenses come into the picture.
Best Full-frame for Mount Cine Lenses?
The best cine lenses you find in the market would not be lacking in features like an inner focus lens system and differ from photography lenses in being par-focal, which is a feature that keeps their focal points from shifting when the photographer is zooming.
Zooms of cine lenses are designed to suppress issues of focus shifts as well as off-axis changes, and a very good cine lens would perform excellently well here. Having considered the features of many top-tier options, we picked the best.
Zeiss Compact Prime Cine CP.3 19mm T/2.9
Key Specifications I like
- Diaphragm blades is 14
- Lacks autofocus
- 3m minimum focus distance
- 200 degrees focus rotation
- Weighs 860g
- Lacks stabilizer
The film world was set alight when Zeiss released the stunning cinema lens more than a decade ago. This more compact version of the CP.2 lens features optical dimensions and characteristics that go one step further in terms of quality, improved mechanics, and better lens coating, of course, in a smaller frame.
However, the 18mm features of this Compact Prime lens overthrow the previous optical design in use in the CP.2 and is a more improved lens in many regards.
One feature it retains from its predecessor is its interchangeable mounts which allows a user to swap a lens mount for one with a different fit.
- Legendary quality
- More compact frame
- Improved optical design
- Lacks Fujifilm X-mount
Are Cine Lenses Good for Photography?
There is a need to treat the question of “are cine lenses good for photography” with caution and deliberateness in language.
Here is the thing, similar to what is obtainable for any gadget or electronic product, swapping what they were precisely built for use in another area would always yield results that are less efficient and glamorous compared to when they’re applied for the right use.
This, however, isn’t to say that cine lenses “can’t” be used for photography. You’ll have to go through extra rigor and make certain possibly inconvenient adjustments to be able to shoot comfortably with a cine lens.
First, you have to ensure your camera can be made to adapt to be able to take the regular cinema lens mount, which is the PL mount.
Most mirrorless cameras don’t struggle to take this mount, though, with the downside being that the adapters can be pricey. While on a general note, there is no optical disadvantage to using cinema lenses for normal photography, the lenses would always perform better in cinematic shootings.
Cine lenses are bigger, bulkier, and much more expensive, and almost like an exclusive policy, reject the incorporation of autofocus.
While you can easily get away with a couple of not-so-good frames in video shooting, as you have a shifting focus, with still focus, it’s a different ball game, as you want to ensure your focus is firm and sharp.
For people who have gotten acquainted with manual focusing, this isn’t an issue. However, it requires some practice and missing several shots to be able to switch from autofocus to manual focus.
So why would any photographer use a cinema lens for photography? The outcome of shooting with certain cinema lenses is stunning; you also get exceptionally fast lenses that don’t struggle to open to bigger apertures than the average photography lens.
So even though they may be bigger, heavier, and even pricier, the uniqueness of the image outcome is one reason photographers make this diversion, but not without paying a small price for the inconvenience.
Can I Use a Cine Lens for Photography?
Anyone choosing to swap his photography lens for a cinema type wouldn’t be committing any crime but simply breaking a protocol.
Cine lenses offer excellent photo output due to their high resolution but may constitute some problems with shooting for an individual that chooses to look in their direction.
While settling for a cine lens most of the time is usually a budgetary decision for many photographers, for other photographers, they are worth whatever they’re worth, and even the hassle put into using them is accommodable.
Among a few benefits of shooting with a cine lens is focusing, which seems to be the most obvious.
With cine lenses, the photographer gets precise focusing, even though there is a frustratingly long-barrel rotation with occasional hard stops at the beginning as well as at the endpoints of the focusing ring of the lens.
This provides for you an Avenue to add standard pitched focus gears as manual or wireless. From here, tracking focus repeatedly is much more reliable.
Cine Lens vs Photo Lens: Decoding the Differences
What Are Cine and Photo Lenses?
When it comes to filmmaking and photography, choosing the right lenses can make a significant impact on the final result.
In this section, I’ll discuss the key differences between cine lenses and photo lenses, as well as their specific applications.
Cine lenses, also known as cinema lenses, are specifically designed to meet the demands of filmmaking.
They excel in recording continuous motion and offer exceptional video quality, making them perfect for cinema production. Cine lenses have a few unique features that set them apart from photo lenses:
- Focus: Cine lenses have a more extensive focus range, allowing for smoother and more accurate focus adjustments during filming.
- Aperture: Cinema lenses often have a “clickless” aperture, meaning there is a smooth transition between aperture settings, preventing unwanted noise or shifts in exposure during filming.
- Build: Cine lenses are generally more durable and robust, designed to withstand the demands of a film production environment.
In contrast, photo lenses are specifically designed for still photography.
These lenses may not be optimized for continuous motion and might lack some features that cine lenses possess, but they still have their unique advantages:
- Size and weight: Photo lenses are typically smaller and lighter, making them more portable and easier to handle.
- Price: Photography lenses are usually more affordable than cine lenses, making them a more accessible option for those on a budget.
- Versatility: Many photo lenses can be used for video work, as well, though they may not offer the same level of quality and consistency as a dedicated cine lens.
It’s important to remember that both cine and photo lenses can produce stunning results when used correctly.
The choice between them largely depends on your individual needs and the specific demands of your project.
As a filmmaker or photographer, it’s crucial to understand the differences between these types of lenses to make the most of your cinematic or photographic endeavors.
Mechanical Differences Between Cine Lens and Photo Lens
Size and Weight
In my experience, cine lenses are generally larger and heavier than photo lenses. This is mainly due to their robust construction, which is designed to handle the rigors of film production.
Moreover, cine lenses typically have more complex internal mechanisms, such as precise focus and aperture controls, which can also contribute to the size and weight difference.
Materials and Build Quality
I’ve noticed that cine lenses are usually made of high-quality materials like metal or advanced composites, whereas photo lenses often use plastics or lighter-weight metals.
This is because cine lenses are built to withstand frequent use and harsh conditions that occur in film production.
Furthermore, the superior build quality of cine lenses helps to maintain their optical performance, even after years of use.
From my experience, cine lenses are available with various mounts to accommodate different camera systems.
Common mount types include PL (Positive Lock) mounts, which are widely used in cinema cameras.
Photo lenses, on the other hand, have camera-specific mounts, such as Canon EF, Nikon F, and Sony E mounts.
Adapters can be used to mount cine lenses on photo cameras and vice versa, but it’s essential to consider the compatibility of the lens and the camera to ensure proper functionality.
Cine lenses feature geared focus and aperture rings, whereas their photo counterparts typically don’t.
The geared rings make it easier for me to use follow focus systems and remote lens control systems, which are widely used in the film industry.
Having smoothly rotating rings ensures precise control of focus and aperture, allowing for smoother transitions and more professional-looking results in film production.
Cine Lens vs Photo Lens (Optical Differences)
In my experience, one of the main differences between cine and photo lenses is the way they handle focus.
Cine lenses often have a longer focus throw for precise manual focus control. This longer throw enables smoother focusing transitions while filming.
Photo lenses, on the other hand, primarily rely on auto-focus systems, allowing for quick and convenient focusing in still photography.
However, the focus throw on photo lenses is typically shorter, making it less ideal for smooth, controlled focus adjustments during videography.
Aperture control is another area where cine and photo lenses differ. While photo lenses use f-stops to measure their aperture, cine lenses use t-stops.
T-stops are more reliable for filmmakers, as they take into account the actual light transmission through the lens rather than just the calculated aperture size seen in f-stops.
Moreover, cine lenses often have a de-clicked aperture, allowing for smooth and stepless aperture adjustments during filming.
Photo lenses, conversely, usually have clicked aperture rings which make sudden changes in exposure more noticeable.
Zoom and Focal Lengths
I’ve observed that zoom capabilities and focal lengths vary between cine and photo lenses as well.
Cine lenses usually have a longer focal length range, allowing for a wider variety of shots which are essential for filmmakers.
Additionally, cine zoom lenses typically have minimal focus shifts when zooming in or out, preventing undesired changes to the shot’s composition.
Photo lenses may not offer the same level of precision when it comes to zooming. Also, their focal lengths may be more limited, as they are primarily optimized for capturing still images.
Finally, I think it’s crucial to mention focus breathing, a common issue found in photo lenses but minimized in cine lenses.
Breathing refers to the change in field of view as the lens’s focus shifts, causing the image to look as though it’s zooming in or out.
This can be distracting in video footage, which is why cine lenses are designed with low breathing characteristics to maintain a consistent field of view during focus adjustments.
Differences in Markings Between Cine Lens vs Photo Lens
When comparing cine lenses and photo lenses, one notable difference is the markings on each type of lens.
As a photographer or videographer, I appreciate these distinctions because they help me make critical adjustments depending on my needs.
In cine lenses, the markings are precise and highly visible. They typically feature focus distance, aperture values, and sometimes even focal length indicators.
These lenses often have clear, engraved markings that are easily readable, even in low light conditions, making them ideal for videographers capturing footage in various settings.
Large, clear markings help me make precise adjustments when shooting video, particularly in situations where focus accuracy is essential, such as filming a moving subject.
On the other hand, photo lenses generally have fewer, less-detailed markings. They may include basic focus distance indicators, but often lack the level of detail found on cine lenses.
This is because, in photography, autofocus is more widely used, and manual adjustments are not as critical as in videography.
As a photographer, I rely on my camera’s autofocus capabilities, so I am less dependent on the markings on the lens.
Another aspect of lens markings I find helpful is the use of different measurement units.
Cine lenses often have distance markings in both feet and meters, catering to the preferences and needs of different filmmakers.
This dual unit system enables me to switch between metric and imperial measurements depending on my project’s requirements, making it easier for me to work efficiently and accurately.
The presence and quality of markings on a lens can play a significant role in my choice between using a cine lens or a photo lens.
As a videographer, the detailed markings on cine lenses provide me with the precision and control I need for my work.
As a photographer, the simplicity of photo lens markings is sufficient for my needs, as autofocus systems can handle most focusing tasks.
Overall, markings are an essential factor to consider when deciding which lens type is best suited for a specific project.
Cine Lens vs Photo Lens (Specific Lens Analysis)
In this section, I will explore the differences between cine lenses and photo lenses in various contexts, such as their use with Sony cameras, DSLRs, cinema cameras, as well as their performance as prime and manual lenses.
When it comes to Sony cameras, both cine lenses and photo lenses can be used depending on the situation.
Cine lenses, like the Sony CineAlta, are designed specifically for filmmaking, providing precise focus control, T-stops instead of F-stops, and a fixed design.
On the other hand, Sony’s photo lenses, such as their E-mount and G Master series, are versatile options that cater to both still photography and video shooting but may lack the precision and consistency of cine lenses.
With DSLRs, photographers and filmmakers have the option to use both cine lenses and photo lenses.
The main advantage of using cine lenses with DSLRs is the ability to achieve a more consistent and professional look in video production.
However, photo lenses offer the advantage of being lighter and more affordable, which makes them a popular choice for amateur filmmakers and photographers using DSLRs.
Cinema cameras, like the RED and the ARRI Alexa, are designed to work best with cine lenses. These lenses provide several benefits when used with cinema cameras, such as:
- Precise focus control: This allows for smooth and accurate focus pulling, which is crucial in filmmaking.
- T-stops: These provide consistent exposure throughout different shots, making it easier to match footage in post-production.
- Fixed design: Cine lenses often come with fixed gears that make it easy to use a follow focus system for better control during filming.
Prime lenses are lenses with a fixed focal length. Both cine lenses and photo lenses can be prime lenses.
Prime cine lenses often have larger apertures, allowing for better low-light performance and a shallow depth of field, which can result in a more cinematic look.
However, prime photo lenses also offer excellent image quality and can be a more affordable option for those who don’t require the consistency and precision of cine lenses.
Manual lenses are lenses that require manual input for focus and aperture control.
While cine lenses are typically manual in nature, providing fine control over focus and exposure, there are also manual photo lenses available.
These manual photo lenses can be an affordable option for filmmakers looking to achieve a more hands-on approach to focus and exposure control, but may not offer the same level of precision as cine lenses.
Overall, the choice between cine lenses and photo lenses will largely depend on the specific needs of the filmmaker or photographer and the type of camera being used.
Other Considerations for Cine Lens and Photo Lens
Depth of Field
When considering cine lenses vs. photo lenses, one aspect to look at is the depth of field. Depth of field refers to the range of a scene that appears in focus.
In filmmaking, controlling the depth of field is crucial to direct the viewer’s attention and create a desired effect.
Cine lenses generally have smoother aperture control, which allows me to adjust the depth of field easier than photo lenses.
Additionally, cine lenses often use a T-stop (transmission stop) rating, ensuring a consistent depth of field across various focal lengths and lighting conditions.
Exposure is another important factor to take into account. Cine lenses are specifically designed to maintain consistent exposure throughout a scene, even when zooming or changing focal lengths.
This consistency is crucial in video production as exposure changes can be distracting and unwanted.
Photo lenses can achieve similar consistency, but the process might be more difficult and time-consuming.
Focus distance is the minimum distance at which a lens can focus on an object. Cine lenses and photo lenses may have different focus distances, which could impact the final result of a shot.
Cine lenses generally have a longer focus throw, providing more precise control when adjusting focus in a scene.
Photo lenses, on the other hand, often have a shorter focus throw to achieve quicker autofocus for photography.
In filmmaking, a longer focus throw can be beneficial for achieving a more accurate and fine-tuned focus when needed.
On a Film Set
Finally, let’s discuss the practical aspects of using cine lenses and photo lenses on a film set.
Cine lenses are built with robust construction and components, ensuring durability and reliability during long shoots and under harsh conditions.
They also feature gear rings for focus and aperture control, which seamlessly integrate with the follow focus systems and other filmmaking tools.
Photo lenses, although they can be used for video production, might not have the same level of durability and compatibility as cine lenses.
Overall, understanding the differences between cine and photo lenses in terms of depth of field, exposure, focus distance, and practicality on a film set, will help me choose the right lens for my specific needs and preferences in video production.
Cine vs. Still lenses:Why you may Need Cine Lens In Photography?(Video)
A split-second glance at a cine lens, and you notice right off the bat the huge difference in size. Some cine lenses can be huge, and generally, most cinema lenses are larger than photography ones.
Cinema lenses deploy high-quality build materials; for example, they can have an all-metal casing, bigger glass elements as well and components made to last for years.
The 50mm prime that is most common may come just a couple of inches off your camera; meanwhile, the cinema counterpart could be 5 inches or even longer.
Cine lenses are also built for longevity, and the larger housing comparatively is slightly more rugged. Hence, it can withstand what comes with difficult film shooting.
Size also impacts the focus of a cinema lens, and it’s quite easy to notice huge geared rings that run on a cine lens. The rings are directly involved in the operation of the aperture and focus.
You most likely are familiar with any lens’s focus ring you have. In case your camera’s autofocus does not seem to be effectively hitting the mark, a little manual adjustment can get it locked where you want.
Unlike photo lenses, the glass of cinema lacks autofocus capabilities, as the focus is handled by an individual that then gives whoever is operating the flexibility to alter the focus to their desired mark.
If you have ever tried manually focusing a photography lens, you may have been able to cover the whole focus range with a few degrees of motion.
The aperture will also need to be controlled by a crew member on the shooting set.
Rather than the ability of the camera to control the aperture setting of its lens like it is in the DSLR, it’s rather controlled by the lens directly.
Also, instead of hard increments such as 2.8, 3.5, and 4, there is a decline in the aperture ring. Now, you’re able to have the exposure fine-tuned, rather than having the lens limit you to hard stops.
Prepare yourself for some huge sticker shocks if you’re making a comparison of the price of a photo lens to what is obtainable on a blockbuster movie set.
Some models of primes in top brands may cost you a few thousand. This isn’t cheap, but a normal price range for a pro-quality glass.
What a blockbuster movie-level lens would cost you is high for a couple of reasons. As already stated above, the materials and size used to craft these cinema lenses cost more.
They are of higher quality than a typical photo lens, inherently making them more costly to produce.
A portrait lens may retain a great lifespan for a few years and even withstand several body upgrades.
However, cine glasses can last you decades, as they are built to be workhorses. A lot of the higher-end kits may be unavailable for purchase.
The common tradition is filmmakers renting the needed lenses for the time the production is going to last rather than purchasing them outright.
Do Cine Lenses Have Better Image Quality?
The optical quirky of a camera lens is primarily dependent on the kind of glass it’s made with.
A premium photo lens is typically made of high-quality glass, hence is a viable option for shooting videos. If what is being considered alone is optical quality.
While the optical performance of a photo lens and a cine lens may sport similarities, under a typical filming situation, it is under difficult lighting that cine lenses show the stuff they’re made of.
The glass cine lens is made to allow it to shoot under terrible lighting conditions, like direct sunlight or high-contrast scenes.
Although there are noticeable slight differences in contrast and color between lenses of a variety of brands, the same cine lens of a brand will always have a consistent image delivery.
A cine lens is also designed to maintain a wholesome sharpness across the photo frame. They are known to keep chromatic aberrations as minimal as possible and also to manage vignettes.
Do Cine Lenses Have Autofocus?
Cine lenses are not built to have autofocus because people who buy them, which are mostly filmmakers, don’t use them. Not all videos are produced or shot by Youtubers or vloggers.
In cinema and TV broadcasts, there may be situations where a lighter and smaller backup camera is deployed to follow the shooting action.
At the same time, A-roll contents are filmed from the static position of more precise framing and focusing.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What is the dynamic range of a good cine camera?
For a cine camera, the higher the number of the dynamic range, the better the ability of the eye camera to capture light and dark places at the same time.
This translates to being able to capture highly contrasted images. A good cine camera will have a dynamic range of 12 or more. A typical Hollywood camera has a dynamic range of 13.5.
Does crop factor matter in cine cameras?
A camera with a horrible crop factor will make it almost impossible to get wide-angle shots. This will limit you to using wide-angle lenses or speed boosters, and these can cost quite a huge amount of money.
What should I consider before buying a cine lens?
Picking a cine lens is a much more difficult quest than a still photo lens, especially if you are just new to it.
Some factors that should be considered, however, before buying a cine lens, such as determining if it’s a prime or zoom lens, considering if it offers a wide-enough angle, and finally, testing them.
So ultimately, are cine lenses what the amount they go for? For the kind of industry they’re used in and the build material they feature, it is fair to say it’s expected to find lenses like that cost such an excessive amount of money.
Hence, you should purchase one only if your shooting style calls for it.