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How To Install a Range Hood Vent Through The Wall: Easy DIY Guide

Don’t know how to install a range hood vent through the wall on your own? Then you’re in the right place to master this skill.

Installing the best range hood vent can take a ridiculously amount of time, even for those who have done it before.

But we don’t care about that. We only care about the final results. And that’s what we’ll teach you.

But before we get our hands dirty, we’ll go through a couple of informative sections just in case you know nothing about range hood vents.

Why Install a Range Hood Vent Through the Wall?

Ever noticed how searing meat smokes up the kitchen? Getting rid of all that smoke can be a pain in the neck.

A hood vent would make this job less tedious. But there’s more to it than just removing smoke. Let’s take a look at the main benefits:

Ventilates Your Kitchen

The main benefit to using a range hood is that it ventilates your kitchen, meaning it removes smoke and steam.

A certain amount of smoke is always inevitable when cooking. However, it can get pretty bad when your pan doesn’t stop smoking up the kitchen.

Since the hood cleans the air, you wouldn’t have to worry about smoking up your home as you cook your favorite meal.

This air will go directly out the vent through the wall.

Keeps Grease Out

There’s nothing more annoying than spending several hours working on the perfect meal to notice how much of a mess you’ve made.

Moreover, getting rid of the buildup of grease and smoke can be a nightmare.

A range hood vent can prevent this from happening as it absorbs all the grease that might build on the walls.

Air Quality

Numerous studies have linked cooking smoke to respiratory cancer. This makes sense as smoke contains chemical compounds, which are incredibly harmful.

Regularly being exposed to such chemicals could only put your life at risk.

Keep in mind that the range hood vent will filter out the smoke and other harmful monoxide fumes.

With it, you won’t have to worry about the smoke messing up your health.

Reduces Heat

It’s not surprising that cooking regenerates heat. This can be pretty unpleasant for those around the kitchen.

A range hood vent would quickly get rid of this issue by ventilating the room.

While this is not a magical solution to absolutely getting rid of the heat, it’ll make your experience more enjoyable since you won’t sweat as much.

Types of Range Hood Vents to Consider

In this section, you’ll find the most common types of the range hood vents and what you should consider before getting one.

Canopy Hoods

This is the most common type of range hood you’ll find when choosing one.

The canopy hood is super popular due to various reasons. First, it is quite affordable compared to other models.

Second, the CFM for the canopy hoods ranges between 300 and 800.

Of course, if you need anything higher than that, there are plenty of canopy hoods out there for you.

And finally, the canopy hood is quite flexible when it comes to the installation process.

You can mount it on the wall, under the cabinet, and even the soffit.

Chimney Hoods

Another popular option is the chimney hood. Many homeowners consider this type of range hood vent to be the most elegant option.

Unlike the previous option, this one is more noticeable as it is not as covered.

The chimney hood can either be installed on the wall or the ceiling.

The average CFM for this type of range hood tends to go from 300 all the way up to 800 CFM’s.

Downdraft Range Hood

Although not as popular as the other options we’ve gone through so far, it is trendy among those folks who have a kitchen island.

Its compact and flexible design makes it possible to install it next to the cooking appliance.

Some people might be concerned about this model’s design as it might take up too much space from a standard point of view.

However, the downdraft range hood has a mechanism that lifts it up and lowers it when needed. In no time, it’ll leave the counter unobstructed and clear.

Furthermore, these models are pretty powerful. The average CFM for the downdraft range hood goes from 300 to 1200 CFM’s.

What to Consider Before Installing a Range Hood

Now that you’ve learned about the common types of range hood vents available, it’s time to learn about all the things you must keep in mind before installing a range hood at home.

Height

First and foremost, you want to measure the distance between the hob and the hood. This is the first range hood wall mount installation rule you must follow. This area is commonly referred to as the hot zone, which is just the area above the hob.

For safety reasons, you should always measure this area. The recommended distance between these two objects should be at least 30 inches.

Length

This might sound like common sense, but you’d be surprised by how many people choose the wrong size only to find out when installing the unit.

When installing a range hood, please ensure that the hob has the same width dimensions as the range hood vent.

The unit has no way of catching all the smoke if it is not as large as the hob itself, so keep that in mind.

Installation Area

Another thing you want to consider before installing the range hood is where you’d like to install it.

Most range hoods can be installed on the wall, under the cabinet, and the ceiling.

Nonetheless, all models make it very clear where they’re supposed to be installed to get the best performance.

Installation Cost

You need to ask yourself whether you want to hire someone for this job or do it yourself.

If you go with the former, we suggest hiring a professional. They know a thing or two about installing a range hood vent.

As for the installation price, this job can go anywhere from $500 to $1,500.

This can be a tricky project, but professionals should get it done within 3-5 hours. Sometimes, it might turn into a full-day project.

Installing a Range Hood Vent Through a Wall in 7 Steps

Now that we’ve covered the basics, it’s time to learn how to install a range hood vent through the wall at home.

Down below, you’ll find all the information required for this job:

1. What You Will Need

Before getting ready to install the range hood, here are some of the tools you might need throughout the process:

  • A power drill—to mount the range hood, use a drill.
  • A hole saw—to make a hole on the wall, use a hole saw.
  • A screwdriver—there are a couple of screws you need to screw for the installation.
  • A level ruler—always make sure you’ve appropriately leveled the unit before moving any further.
  • A stud finder—to mount the unit on the wall, you need to find the studs.
  • Tape measure and a pencil—marking where you need to mount the range hood will make your life a lot easier.

2. Range Hood Vent Installation Instructions

Before installing the range vent hood, you need to measure the distance between the cooktop and the range hood.

It should be 30 inches off of the cooktop for it to work correctly.

So, grab your tape measure and draw the line at 30 inches. After that, find the center between the cabinets.

Then draw a vertical line all the way up to the ceiling.

3. Identify Where The Studs Are In The Wall

Grab your stud finder and move it around the wall. Press the button and move it slowly until you find the outside edge of the stud.

After that, make a mark to identify the outside edge. Next, start from the other direction until you find the outside edge.

After that, find the second stud, which should be 16 inches in the opposite direction.

4. Make A Hole For The Ductwork

Next, you need to make a hole for the ductwork. There needs to be a hole as that’s where you’ll vent the smoke to the outside.

So, hook up the drill to a hole saw and begin drilling slowly through the wall.

As you’re drilling, you’ll have to remove the piece of plaster as it is getting in the way.

Once you’ve removed it, keep drilling through the wall.

Now, change the drill bit to locate where you need to drill outside.

You should now see daylight. Next, go outside and find the hole you made. And now drill through the siding just like you did before.

From there, slide the vent through the hole and then screw it from outside. After that, install the elbow.

5. Draw The Lines

Remember where you drew the line to identify the 30-inch mark off of the cooktop?

You now want to measure the hood’s back and draw a horizontal line just above the 30-inch mark. That’s the range where the range hood will be.

Now, measure the distance between the two holes on the back of the hood.

After that, draw a line on the wall to identify them. This way, you’ll know exactly where to drive for the screws to fit in.

Next, drive through the wall. Now put the screws in using the drill. After that, hang the hood.

6. How To Install A Range Hood Wall Vent

Next, install the screws into the studs. Right now, the range hood is covering the lines, which you drew earlier to identify the studs.

So, what you want to do is gently lift up the hood and see the studs’ lines.

Once you’ve found them, drive through the back of the hood and install the screws. This way, the unit won’t fall off.

After that, grab the elbow and put it right into the range hood vent.

Now, use aluminum tape and wrap it around the bottom of the elbow to secure the unit.

7. Install The Chimney

Now, you must install the ceiling bracket. For this, you have to place the center of the upper chimney bracket in line with the centerline you drew before.

It must be installed all the way up to the ceiling.

After that, place the chimney on top of the range hood base.

Next, secure the lower chimney by installing the screws to the base of the hood.

From there, attach the inside chimney to the ceiling bracket.

And that’s about it; you’ve now installed the range hood vent through the wall.

If you’re having trouble following through the instructions, we suggest watching this video:

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Couldn’t find what you were looking for? Down below, there is a section with the most common questions most people have about range hood vents:

Do range hoods have to vent outside?

Yes, the range hood should vent outside. You could recirculate all the steam that it catches up, but that is not efficient.

Is it safe to vent the range hood into the attic?

According to the International Residential Code Book, blowing the air into the attic is not safe.

Venting the air into the attic could start a house fire. So, instead, vent the air outside.

Do ductless range hoods plugin?

There is no way for the range hood to work if it does not have any power.

This holds true even for ductless range hoods. They should be plugged into the outlet to work properly.

Can you install a range hood without cabinets?

Range hoods are meant to be installed between the cabinets.

However, there are plenty of models out there, which can be installed without cabinets.

For example, you could get a downdraft range hood and install it next to the cooking appliance.

Conclusion

Figuring how to install a range hood vent through the wall is by no means an easy task. It takes a lot of time before you get the basics down.

Nonetheless, if you’re willing to take on this job on your own, you’ll definitely get through the installation process.

Also, before installing the unit, keep in mind all the points we covered above.

You need to follow certain rules if you want to get the most out of range hood vent.

Skipping through any of those points may lead to undesired results.